Saudi Arabia has executed an Indonesian immigrant, Tuti Tursilawati, without first informing the Indonesian Government, according to Indonesia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Tuti Tursilawati was sentenced to death in 2011 for murdering her employer in Saudi Arabia, out of self-defense. According to Tuti, she killed him because she was being sexually abused. She was sentenced to death in 2011 and was executed on the 29th of October, 2018.
Monday’s execution marks the fourth time Saudi Arabia has failed to give notice to the Indonesia Minister of foreign affairs, before carrying out a death penalty on an Indonesian migrant worker in the past three years.
This comes as Saudi Arabia continues to face calls to explain the death of a prominent journalist, Jamal Khashoggi.
The death penalty was carried out despite appeals against the death sentence by the Indonesian Government both in court and in a letter to the Saudi Arabian King.
Currently, there are 18 Indonesian migrant workers on death row in Saudi Arabia.
In March, an Indonesian migrant worker, Muhammad Zaini Misrin, was executed for killing his employer, and two other Indonesian female domestic help, Siti Zaenab, and Karni, were beheaded in April 2015.
Global counterfeit drugs market hits $200b
The counterfeit drug market is worth around $200 billion worldwide annually, the World Health Organisation (WHO) report has said. It lamented that it has become the most lucrative trade of illegally copied goods with devastating impact on innocent users.
Almost half the fake and low-quality medicines reported to the WHO between 2013 and 2017 were found to be in sub-Saharan Africa, said the report, also backed by Interpol and the Institute for Security Studies.
“Counterfeiters prey on poorer countries more than their richer counterparts, with up to 30 times greater penetration of fakes in the supply chain,” said the report.
Substandard or fake anti-malarials cause the deaths of between 64,000 and 158,000 people per year in sub-Saharan Africa, the report said.
When Moustapha Dieng came down with stomach pains one day last month he did the sensible thing and went to a doctor in his hometown of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso’s capital.
The doctor prescribed a malaria treatment but the medicine cost too much for Dieng, a 30-year-old tailor, so he went to an unlicensed street vendor for pills on the cheap.
“It was too expensive at the pharmacy. I was forced to buy street drugs as they are less expensive,” he said.
Within days he was hospitalised – sickened by the very drugs that were supposed to cure him.
Tens of thousands of people in Africa die each year because of fake and counterfeit medication, an E.U.-funded report released on Tuesday said. The drugs are mainly made in China but also in India, Paraguay, Pakistan and the United Kingdom.
Nigeria said more than 80 children were killed in 2009 by a teething syrup tainted with a chemical normally used in engine coolant and blamed for causing kidney failure.
For Dieng, the cost can be measured in more than simple suffering. The night in hospital cost him more than double what he would have paid had he bought the drugs the doctor ordered.
“After taking those drugs, the provenance of which we don’t know, he came back with new symptoms … All this had aggravated his condition,” said nurse Jules Raesse, who treated Dieng when he stayed at the clinic last month.
Fake drugs also threaten a thriving pharmaceutical sector in several African countries.
That has helped prompt Ivory Coast – where fake drugs were also sold openly – to crack down on the trade, estimated at $30 billion by Reuters last year.
Ivorian authorities said last month they had seized almost 400 tons of fake medicine over the past two years.
Able Ekissi, an inspector at the health ministry, told Reuters the seized goods, had they been sold to consumers, would have represented a loss to the legitimate pharmaceutical industry of more than $170 million.
“They are reputed to be cheaper, but at best they are ineffective and at worst toxic,” Abderrahmane Chakibi, Managing Director of French pharmaceutical firm Sanofi’s sub-Saharan Africa branch.
But in Ivory Coast, many cannot afford to shop in pharmacies, which often only stock expensive drugs imported from France, rather than cheaper generics from places like India.
“When you have no means you are forced to go out onto the street,” said Barakissa Cherik, a pharmacist in Ivory Coast’s lagoon-side commercial capital Abidjan.
Donald Trump loses out in mid-term elections
Donald Trump and the Republican party were dealt a decisive blow after the Democratic Party regained control of the House after a resounding victory at the mid-term elections.
Democratic majority in the lower chamber for the first time in eight years will restrict his ability to steer his programme through Congress.
Oil prices soar despite US sanctions on Iran
Oil futures climbed yesterday, finding solid footing on higher ground as U.S. sanctions on Iranian oil take hold, though the Trump administration’s decision to grant waivers to eight buyers of the country’s crude has helped to limit the price gains.
The rebound sees crude attempting to bounce back from a sharp October selloff that pushed both the global and U.S. benchmarks into correction territory.
Meanwhile, natural-gas futures jumped by more than seven percent yesterday dealings, buoyed by expectations that cold weather will lead to a significant lift in demand.
West Texas Intermediate crude for December CLZ8, +0.29 percent rose 56 cents, or 0.9 percent, to $63.70 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. January Brent crude LCOF9, +0.44 percent the global benchmark, rose $1.05, or 1.4 percent, to $73.88 a barrel on the ICE Futures Europe exchange.
The renewed sanctions took effect yesterday, but the Trump administration late last week announced it granted waivers to eight countries, which it identified yesterday as China, India, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Turkey, who can temporarily continue importing Iranian crude.
Other countries not granted the waivers, but that are significant importers of Iranian oil include France, Spain and the United Arab Emirates, said James Williams, an energy economist at WTRG Economics.
“The important thing to remember is that those waivers are not 100 percent but rather some unknown reduction. Some will go to zero eventually,” he said.
Angela Merkel quit role as German chancellor
Angela Merkel has announced she will quit as German chancellor when her mandate ends in 2021.
Merkel’s decision may not be unconnected to series of political crises that have rocked her fragile coalition.
Taking a decisive step towards the end of her political career, the veteran leader who has led Germany for 13 years said she hoped her planned departure would end bitter fighting in her coalition and finally focus it on its task of governing Europe’s biggest economy.
“Today, it is time to begin a new chapter,” she told reporters at her party headquarters.
Referring to the quibbling within her coalition that has sent it from crisis from crisis, Merkel noted that “the picture that the government is sending out is unacceptable”.
Electoral drubbings like the latest on Sunday in the state of Hessen were “a watershed, but in them could lie a chance”, Merkel said, for Germany’s mainstream political parties including her own to find a way forward.
The 64-year-old Merkel is expected to stagger her political exit by first giving up the leadership job of her Christian Democratic Union in December, which comes up for reelection during a party congress in December.
She added that she would not stand in Germany’s next elections nor seek to renew her mandate as chancellor when her fourth term ends in 2021.
At least four candidates declared their interest to seek Merkel’s job after she made her stunning announcement.
But she said she would not name a successor.
“I will accept any democratic decision taken by my party,” she said.
Often hailed as the world’s most powerful woman and Europe’s de facto leader, Merkel’s power has been on the wane since her 2015 decision to keep Germany’s borders open at the height of Europe’s migrant crisis, ultimately allowing in more than one million asylum seekers.
The mass arrivals deeply polarised Germany and are credited with fuelling the rise of the far-right.
Railing against the newcomers, the anti-immigrant AfD is now the biggest opposition party in the Bundestag, and after a strong showing in Hesse now has seats in all German state parliaments.
At the same time, the AfD’s rise has prompted her conservative Bavarian allies CSU to champion hardline immigration policies, something that in turn sent moderate voters drifting to the centre-left Greens.
AfD leader Joerg Meuthen hailed Merkel’s planned departure as “good news”.
Die Welt reporter Robin Alexander said the path could now be clear for CDU general secretary Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, nicknamed AKK, to take the reins.
“The two women have taken back the momentum, because none of their opponents were ready for this,” he tweeted.
But other contenders are waiting in the wings, including ambitious health minister Jens Spahn, a frequent Merkel critic.
The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung said Sunday it would be “a mistake” for Merkel to cling to power.
“By passing the baton of her own free will she would show that she knows the same thing everyone knows: the end of her chancellorship is approaching.”
Merkel’s first step towards the exit is likely to send ripples across the European Union, where she has served a beacon of stability as the bloc grapples with multiple global crises, Brexit and an unpredictable ally in the White House.
While still widely respected abroad, her recent domestic woes have kept Merkel away from the European stage, thwarting French President’s Emmanuel Macron’s push to reform the eurozone with Merkel by his side.
Despite her global standing, Merkel has no plans to seek a post in the European Commission after bowing out of German politics, a CDU source told AFP, quashing speculation to that effect in Brussels.
But the woman dubbed the “eternal chancellor” may not get to choose her own timetable — and her departure could be hastened if her junior coalition partner brings down the government before 2021.
SPD chief Andrea Nahles said her centre-left party, Germany’s oldest, had failed “to break free from the government” and carve out a clear profile of its own after serving in multiple, compromise-laden “grand coalitions”.
She said the SPD would now lay out a “roadmap” in Berlin demanding concrete progress on key issues by next October, including pension rights and better childcare, before deciding whether to remain in the coalition.
Increasing numbers of SPD members have been calling for the party to quit the government and lick its wounds in opposition, as it is presently polling below AfD nationwide, at 15 percent to the far-right’s 16 percent.
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